JOURNAL ARTICLE

Virological response to darunavir/ritonavir-based regimens in antiretroviral-experienced patients (PREDIZISTA study)

Isabelle Pellegrin, Linda Wittkop, Laurence Morand Joubert, Didier Neau, Diane Bollens, Mojgan Bonarek, Pierre-Marie Girard, Hervé Fleury, Bart Winters, Marie-Claude Saux, Jean-Luc Pellegrin, Rodolphe Thiébaut, Dominique Breilh
Antiviral Therapy 2008, 13 (2): 271-9
18505178

BACKGROUND: We assessed the association of baseline HIV-1 mutations, phenotypic sensitivity and pharmacokinetics with virological failure (VF) at week 12 (W12) after onset of a darunavir/ritonavir (DRV/r)-based regimen in a cohort of 67 antiretroviral-experienced HIV-patients failing on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).

METHODS: VF was defined as HIV RNA >2.3 log10copies/ml at W12. HIV reverse transcriptase and protease sequencing was performed at WO; mutations with a P-value <0.25 in univariable analyses were used for a backward selection to find the best mutation set for VF prediction. Genotypic and phenotypic sensitivity scores were calculated and virtual phenotype predicted fold change (FC) assessed. DRV Cmin, Cmax, AUC(0-->12 h) and genotypic inhibitory quotient (GIQ) were determined.

RESULTS: Patients had a median of 15 previous treatments for 10 years. Median W0 values included a T-cell count of 129 cells/microl, 4.7 log10 HIV RNA copies/ml, four major protease and six nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor resistance mutations. At W12, median HIV RNA decrease was -2.1 log10 copies/ml with a gain of +67 CD4+ T-cells/microl; 40% of patients failed. We determined the genotypic score I13V+V32I+L33F/I/V+E35D+ M361/L/V+I47V+F53L+I62V. According to <4, 4-5 and >5 mutations, failure occurred in 11%, 48% and 100% of patients. Failure was associated with CDC stage, baseline CD4+ T-cell count, number of major protease inhibitor resistance mutations, FC and DRV/r score. Pharmacokinetics were not associated with failure, but GIQ was.

CONCLUSION: At W12, 60% of heavily pretreated patients responded on DRV/r-based HAART. Genotypic and phenotypic information constituted the main virological response determinant in patients with optimal drug concentrations.

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