Influence of resection volume on locoregional recurrence of breast cancer after breast-conserving surgery

Daniel Ulrich Boehm, Antje Lebrecht, Theodoros Maltaris, Marcus Schmidt, Wulf Siggelkow, Susanne Fischer, Eva Kandelhart, Heinz Koelbl
Anticancer Research 2008, 28 (2): 1207-11

BACKGROUND: The goals of breast-conserving surgery are to provide the survival equivalent of mastectomy, a cosmetically acceptable breast and a low rate of locoregional recurrence in the treated breast. This retrospective study investigated the impact of the resection volume on locoregional recurrence after breast-conserving therapy in patients with early-stage invasive breast cancer.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective data from 185 women who were treated for operable breast tumours by breast-conserving surgery between 1995-1999 at the Martin-Luther-University in Halle/Germany were included in our study. Extent of total resection volume (TRV), tumour volume (V) and difference volume (DV) was compared for the influence on locoregional recurrence.

RESULTS: Our data showed no significant correlation between the risk of locoregional recurrence and the extent of resection volume. Predictors of an increased risk of locoregional recurrence after breast-conserving surgery were large primary tumour, grading, lymphatic vascular invasion, hormone receptor status and lack of radiotherapy or hormonal therapy.

CONCLUSION: According to the accuracy of locoregional disease control and maintenance of the breast's shape, our results support conservative surgery in early-stage breast cancer followed by radiotherapy and adjuvant systemic therapy.

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