Contribution of transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily 1 to endothelin-1-induced thermal hyperalgesia

T Kawamata, W Ji, J Yamamoto, Y Niiyama, S Furuse, A Namiki
Neuroscience 2008 June 26, 154 (3): 1067-76
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) plays an important role in peripheral pain processing. However, the mechanisms of the nociceptive action of ET-1 have not been fully elucidated. In this study, we investigated the contribution of transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily 1 (TRPV1) to ET-1-induced thermal hyperalgesia. Intraplantar ET-1-induced thermal hyperalgesia was examined by assessing the paw withdrawal latency to noxious heat stimuli. In electrophysiological study, whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were performed to investigate the interaction of ET-1 and TRPV1 using human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) cells expressing endothelin type A receptor (ET(A)) and TRPV1. Intraplantar ET-1 (3, 10 and 30 pmol) produced thermal hyperalgesia in a dose-dependent manner. Thermal hyperalgesia was attenuated by the inhibition of ET(A) and protein kinase C (PKC) but not that of ET(B). ET-1-induced thermal hyperalgesia was significantly attenuated in TRPV1-deficient mice compared with that in wild-type mice. In voltage-clamp experiments, 10 nM capsaicin evoked small inward currents in HEK293 cells expressing TRPV1 and ET(A). In the presence of ET-1, capsaicin produced much larger current responses (P<0.05). Mutation at PKC-specific TRPV1 phosphorylation sites (S800A/S502A) and PKC inhibitors inhibited the potentiating effect of ET-1. In addition, ET-1 decreased the temperature threshold for TRPV1 activation in a PKC-dependent manner (from 41.0+/-0.4 degrees C to 32.6+/-0.6 degrees C). In addition, Western blot analysis was also performed to confirm ET-1-induced phosphorylation of TRPV1. Incubation of ET-1 and intraplantar ET-1 evoked phosphorylation of TRPV1 in HEK293 cells expressing TRPV1 and ET(A) and the skin, respectively. These results suggest that the sensitization of TRPV1 activity through an ET(A)-PKC pathway contributes to ET-1-induced thermal hyperalgesia.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"