Epidemiological cutoffs and cross-resistance to azole drugs in Aspergillus fumigatus

Juan Luis Rodriguez-Tudela, Laura Alcazar-Fuoli, Emilia Mellado, Ana Alastruey-Izquierdo, Araceli Monzon, Manuel Cuenca-Estrella
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 2008, 52 (7): 2468-72
Antifungal susceptibility testing of molds has been standardized in Europe and in the United States. Aspergillus fumigatus strains with resistance to azole drugs have recently been detected and the underlying molecular mechanisms of resistance characterized. Three hundred and ninety-three isolates, including 32 itraconazole-resistant strains, were used to define wild-type populations, epidemiological cutoffs, and cross-resistance between azole drugs. The epidemiological cutoff for itraconazole, voriconazole, and ravuconazole for the wild-type populations of A. fumigatus was < or =1 mg/liter. For posaconazole, the epidemiological cutoff was < or =0.25 mg/liter. Up till now, isolates susceptible to itraconazole have not yet displayed resistance to other azole drugs. Cross-resistance between azole drugs depends on specific mutations in cyp51A. Thus, a substitution of glycine in position 54 of Cyp51A confers cross-resistance between itraconazole and posaconazole. A substitution of methionine at position 220 or a duplication in tandem of a 34-bp fragment in the cyp51A promoter combined with a substitution of leucine at position 98 for histidine confers cross-resistance to all azole drugs tested. The results obtained in this study will help to develop clinical breakpoints for azole drugs and A. fumigatus.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"