JOURNAL ARTICLE

Effect of ambient temperature on cardiovascular drift and maximal oxygen uptake

Andrew J Lafrenz, Jonathan E Wingo, Matthew S Ganio, Kirk J Cureton
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2008, 40 (6): 1065-71
18461000

PURPOSE: This study tested the hypothesis that the magnitude of cardiovascular (CV) drift and decrease in maximal oxygen uptake (V[spacing dot above]O2max) would be greater at 35 degrees C than at 22 degrees C.

METHODS: The increase in HR and decrease in stroke volume (SV) between 15 and 45 min of cycling at 59.2 +/- 1.9% V[spacing dot above]O2max (CV drift) was measured in hot (HEAT, 35 degrees C) and cool (COOL, 22 degrees C) ambient temperatures in 10 endurance-trained men (age = 23 +/- 3 yr, V[spacing dot above]O2max = 64.7 +/- 8.7 mL.kg.min). V[spacing dot above]O2max was measured immediately after the 45 min of cycling and again under both ambient temperature conditions on separate days after 15 min of cycling. This design permitted assessment of V[spacing dot above]O2max between the same time points that CV drift occurred. Fluid to replace sweat losses was provided during all trials.

RESULTS: CV drift and the associated decrease in V[spacing dot above]O2max was greater (P < 0.05) in HEAT versus COOL. HR increased 11% (P < 0.05), SV decreased 11% (P < 0.05), and V[spacing dot above]O2max fell 15% (P < 0.05) between 15 and 45 min in HEAT, whereas HR and SV changed less (+2% and -2% for HR and SV, respectively, P < 0.05), and there was no significant decrease in V[spacing dot above]O2max (5%, P > 0.05) between 15 and 45 min in COOL.

CONCLUSION: These data demonstrate the magnitude of CV drift during prolonged submaximal exercise, and the accompanying decrease in V[spacing dot above]O2max measured immediately thereafter is greater in a hot than in a cool environment.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18461000
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"