JOURNAL ARTICLE

A prospective pilot trial of ablation of Barrett's esophagus with low-grade dysplasia using stepwise circumferential and focal ablation (HALO system)

V K Sharma, H Jae Kim, A Das, P Dean, G DePetris, D E Fleischer
Endoscopy 2008, 40 (5): 380-7
18459074

BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Yearly surveillance endoscopy is carried out for Barrett's esophagus with low-grade dysplasia (LGD) so that progression to high-grade dysplasia and adenocarcinoma can be detected at the earliest stage. The aim of the study was to assess the long-term safety and effectiveness of circumferential ablation followed by focal ablation (HALO system) for eliminating Barrett's esophagus and LGD.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with 2 - 6 cm of Barrett's esophagus with histology demonstrating LGD on their last two sequential endoscopies over the previous 2 years and confirmed by two pathologists were enrolled in this prospective, single-center trial. Circumferential ablation was carried out at baseline and at 4 months (if residual Barrett's esophagus present). Endoscopy with 4-quadrant biopsies every 1 cm was performed at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months. After 1 year, focal ablation was applied to any visible Barrett's esophagus or irregularity of the squamocolumnar junction. Patients received lansoprazole 30 mg bid. Complete responses for dysplasia (CR-dysplasia) and intestinal metaplasia (CR-IM) at 2-year follow-up, with complete response defined as "all biopsies negative for dysplasia or intestinal metaplasia" were the main outcomes.

RESULTS: Ten patients (nine men, mean age 66.9 years, range 48 - 79) with confirmed LGD (median 4.4 cm, range 3 - 6) underwent circumferential ablation with focal ablation after 1 year as necessary. At 2 years, CR-dysplasia was 100 % and CR-IM was 90 %. There were no strictures or buried intestinal metaplasia at follow-up.

CONCLUSION: A stepwise regimen of circumferential ablation followed by focal ablation appears to eradicate intestinal metaplasia (90 % CR-IM) and dysplasia (100 % CR-dysplasia) at 2-year follow-up in this trial, without stricture formation or buried intestinal metaplasia.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18459074
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"