JOURNAL ARTICLE

LOX-1 deletion decreases collagen accumulation in atherosclerotic plaque in low-density lipoprotein receptor knockout mice fed a high-cholesterol diet

Changping Hu, Abhijit Dandapat, Liuqin Sun, Jiawei Chen, Muhammad R Marwali, Francesco Romeo, Tatsuya Sawamura, Jawahar L Mehta
Cardiovascular Research 2008 July 15, 79 (2): 287-93
18453637

AIMS: Collagen, as a component of the extracellular matrix, has been linked to atherosclerotic plaque formation and stability. Activation of LOX-1, a lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-1, exerts a significant role in collagen formation. We examine the hypothesis that LOX-1 deletion may inhibit collagen accumulation in atherosclerotic arteries in LDL receptor (LDLR) knockout (KO) mice.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We generated LOX-1 KO and LOX-1/LDLR double KO mice on a C57BL/6 (wild-type mice) background and fed a 4% cholesterol/10% cocoa butter diet for 18 weeks. Vessel wall collagen accumulation was increased in association with atherogenesis in the LDLR KO mice (P < 0.01 vs. wild-type mice), but much less so in the double KO mice (P < 0.01 vs. LDLR KO mice). Collagen accumulation data were corroborated with pro-collagen I measurements. Expression/activity of osteopontin, fibronectin, and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) was also increased in the LDLR KO mice (P < 0.01 vs. wild-type mice), but not in the mice with LOX-1 deletion (P < 0.01 vs. LDLR KO mice). The expression of NADPH oxidase (p47(phox), p22(phox), gp91(phox), and Nox-4 subunits) and nitrotyrosine was increased in the LDLR KO mice (P < 0.01 vs. wild-type mice) and not in mice with LOX-1 deletion (P < 0.01 vs. LDLR KO mice). Phosphorylation of Akt-1 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase and expression of haem-oxygenase-1 were found to be reduced in the LDLR KO mice (P < 0.01 vs. wild-type mice), but not in the mice with LOX-1 deletion (P < 0.01 vs. LDLR KO mice).

CONCLUSION: LOX-1 deletion reduces enhanced collagen deposition and MMP expression in atherosclerotic regions via inhibition of pro-oxidant signals.

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