JOURNAL ARTICLE

Clinicopathologic significance of HIF-1alpha, p53, and VEGF expression and preoperative serum VEGF level in gastric cancer

Sung Yong Oh, Hyuk-Chan Kwon, Sung-Hyun Kim, Jin Seok Jang, Min Chan Kim, Kyeong Hee Kim, Jin-Yeong Han, Chung Ock Kim, Su-Jin Kim, Jin-sook Jeong, Hyo-Jin Kim
BMC Cancer 2008, 8: 123
18452596

BACKGROUND: Hypoxia influences tumor growth by inducing angiogenesis and genetic alterations. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1alpha), p53, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are all important factors in the mechanisms inherent to tumor progression. In this work, we have investigated the clinicopathologic significance of HIF-1alpha, p53, and VEGF expression and preoperative serum VEGF (sVEGF) level in gastric cancer.We immunohistochemically assessed the HIF-1alpha, p53, and VEGF expression patterns in 114 specimens of gastric cancer. Additionally, we determined the levels of preoperative serum VEGF (sVEGF).

RESULTS: The positive rates of p53 and HIF-1alpha (diffuse, deep, intravascular pattern) were 38.6% and 15.8%, respectively. The VEGF overexpression rate was 57.9%. p53 and HIF-1alpha were correlated positively with the depth of invasion (P = 0.015, P = 0.001, respectively). Preoperative sVEGF and p53 levels were correlated significantly with lymph node involvement (P = 0.010, P = 0.040, respectively). VEGF overexpression was more frequently observed in the old age group (> or = 60 years old) and the intestinal type (P = 0.013, P = 0.014, respectively). However, correlations between preoperative sVEGF level and tissue HIF-1alpha, VEGF, and p53 were not observed. The median follow-up duration after operation was 24.5 months. HIF-1alpha was observed to be a poor prognostic factor of disease recurrence or progression (P = 0.002).

CONCLUSION: p53, HIF-1alpha and preoperative sVEGF might be markers of depth of invasion or lymph node involvement. HIF-1alpha expression was a poor prognostic factor of disease recurrence or progression in patients with gastric cancers.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18452596
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"