Localization and coherent dynamics of excitons in the two-dimensional optical spectrum of molecular J-aggregates

Arend G Dijkstra, Thomas la Cour Jansen, Jasper Knoester
Journal of Chemical Physics 2008 April 28, 128 (16): 164511
Two-dimensional optical spectra of J-aggregates at low temperature provide a large amount of information about the nature and dynamics of exciton states that is hidden in conventional broad band pump-probe spectra. By using numerical simulations, we study the two-dimensional absorption spectrum and find that it is dominated by a V-shaped negative peak and a blueshifted elliptic positive peak. We demonstrate a simple method to derive the energy dependence of the exciton localization size from the distance between these two features in the zero waiting time experiment. When the waiting time is turned on, the V peak is filled with an extra positive peak resulting from population relaxation. From the time evolution of this peak, energy dependent relaxation rates can be obtained. The oscillations of coherent contributions to the two-dimensional spectrum are not damped by inhomogeneous mechanisms and can be seen clearly.

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