A local signature of LTP- and LTD-like plasticity in human NREM sleep

Til Ole Bergmann, Matthias Mölle, Lisa Marshall, Leval Kaya-Yildiz, Jan Born, Hartwig Roman Siebner
European Journal of Neuroscience 2008, 27 (9): 2241-9
Paired associative stimulation (PAS) repeatedly pairs electrical nerve stimulation with transcranial magnetic stimulation of the contralateral motor hand area (M1(HAND)). Depending on the interstimulus interval, PAS can induce a long-term potentiation (LTP)-like facilitation or long-term depression (LTD)-like suppression of cortical excitability. In three experimental sessions, 12 awake men received PAS of the right median nerve and left M1(HAND) in the evening before sleep. To optimize the timing of paired stimulation in M1(HAND), the interstimulus interval of PAS was adjusted to the individual N20-latency of the somatosensory evoked potential to induce LTP-like effects (PAS(N20+2ms)), LTD-like effects (PAS(N20-5ms)), or no timing-dependent after-effects (PAS(control)). Motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) showed high interindividual variations in the conditioning effects of PAS(N20+2ms) and PAS(N20-5ms) on cortical excitability. However, PAS(control) allowed us to adjust for any unspecific stimulation effects and the MEP increase after PAS(N20+2ms) differed significantly from the MEP decrease after PAS(N20-5ms). PAS(N20+2ms) and PAS(N20-5ms) also had a differential effect on regional expression of slow waves and slow spindle activity during the first hour of subsequent non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. At the electrode sites overlying the conditioned M1(HAND) and the adjacent premotor cortex, local expression of slow spindle activity was significantly correlated with interindividual differences in the efficacy of PAS(N20+2ms) and PAS(N20-5ms) to potentiate or suppress cortical excitability. This correlation indicates that PAS shapes the local regulation of slow sleep spindles during subsequent NREM sleep.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"