Regulatory T-cell expansion and function do not account for the impaired alloreactivity of ex vivo-expanded T cells

Nicolas Montcuquet, Patricia Mercier-Letondal, Sylvain Perruche, Anne Duperrier, Mélanie Couturier, Abdelghani Bouchekioua, Mark Bonyhadi, Christophe Ferrand, Pierre Tiberghien, Eric Robinet
Immunology 2008, 125 (3): 320-30
CD3- and CD28-activated T cells expanded for 12 days ex vivo to produce suicide gene-modified T cells are hyporesponsive to alloantigens. To investigate whether this impaired alloreactivity is a result of preferential expansion of regulatory T (Treg) cells, we compared peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) activated with CD3 and CD28 antibodies co-immobilized on beads and expanded for 12 days with interleukin (IL)-2 (Co(CD3/CD28) cells) to the respective unactivated PBMC in terms of proliferation, cytokine production, and expression of Treg markers [cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA4), glucocorticoid-induced tumour necrosis factor receptor (GITR) and forkhead box P3 (FoxP3)] after allostimulation. Alloreactive cells were identified by carboxyfluoresceine succinimidyl ester staining dilution. Alloreactive cells in Co(CD3/CD28) cells had a lower proliferative response and a lower potential for IL-2 and interferon-gamma secretion than did those in PBMC, demonstrating a functional impairment of alloreactive cells during ex vivo expansion. Expression of Treg markers transiently increased during ex vivo expansion and was unaffected by depletion of CD25(+) cells (containing Treg cells) before ex vivo PBMC expansion. Such prior CD25(+) depletion did not restore the alloreactivity of Co(CD3/CD28) cells. After allostimulation, expression of Treg markers was restricted to proliferative (alloreactive) cells among PBMC or Co(CD3/CD28) cells. Lastly, CD4(+) CD25(+) cells purified from Co(CD3/CD28) cells lacked suppressive activity when used as a third party, in contrast to CD4(+) CD25(+) cells purified from PBMC. In conclusion, the impaired alloreactivity of T cells expanded ex vivo is not a result of preferential Treg cell expansion and/or enhanced suppressive Treg activity.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"