Prolonged endoplasmic reticulum stress induces apoptotic cell death in an experimental model of chronic cyclosporine nephropathy

Sang Woo Han, Can Li, Kyung Ohk Ahn, Sun Woo Lim, Hyun Guk Song, Yoon Sung Jang, Yoon Mi Cho, Young Min Jang, Jung Yeon Ghee, Jin Young Kim, Su Hyun Kim, Jin Kim, Oh Joo Kwon, Chul Woo Yang
American Journal of Nephrology 2008, 28 (5): 707-14

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Apoptosis contributes to cyclosporine (CsA)-induced renal cell death. This study tested the effects of CsA-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress on apoptotic cell death in an experimental model of chronic CsA nephropathy.

METHODS: CsA (15 mg/kg per day) was given to rats for 7 or 28 days. The ER stress response was evaluated with BiP expression, and the proapoptotic response was assessed with CHOP and caspase 12 expression. ER structure was evaluated by transmission electron microscopy, and apoptotic cell death was detected with TUNEL staining.

RESULTS: Short-term treatment of CsA for 7 days activated both the ER stress response (induction of BiP mRNA and protein) and the proapoptotic response (upregulation of caspase 12 and CHOP mRNAs and proteins). However, long-term treatment with CsA for 28 days decreased BiP and further increased CHOP. The imbalance between the two responses coincided with the timing of the appearance of apoptotic cell death and the disruption of the ER structure.

CONCLUSION: Prolonged CsA-induced ER stress causes apoptotic cell death by depleting molecular chaperones and activating the proapoptotic pathway.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"