JOURNAL ARTICLE

Effect of co-administration of the selective 5-HT1A receptor antagonist WAY 100,635 and selective 5-HT1B/1D receptor antagonist GR 127,935 on anxiolytic effect of citalopram in conditioned fear stress in the rat

Ihoko Muraki, Takeshi Inoue, Tsukasa Koyama
European Journal of Pharmacology 2008 May 31, 586 (1): 171-8
18423441
This study investigated the effect of co-administration of the selective 5-HT1A receptor antagonist WAY 100,635 and selective 5-HT(1B/1D) receptor antagonist GR 127,935 with a subactive dose of citalopram [selective serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)] on the expression of conditioned freezing, an index of fear. In the present study, acute administration of citalopram (s.c.) reduced freezing significantly at high doses (10, 30 and 100 mg/kg), while showing no significant effect at low doses (1 and 3 mg/kg). Co-administration of WAY 100,635 (0.15 mg/kg) with citalopram (3 mg/kg) reduced freezing markedly and significantly, as compared with either drug alone. However, the addition of GR 127,935 (4 mg/kg) did not potentiate the effects of citalopram (3 mg/kg) on freezing and did not enhance the effect of WAY 100,635 (0.15 mg/kg) with citalopram (3 mg/kg). Co-administration of WAY 100,635 (0.15 mg/kg) or GR 127,935 (4 mg/kg) gave no effect on high-dose citalopram (30 mg/kg)-induced inhibition of freezing behavior. These results suggest that co-administration of WAY 100,635 (0.15 mg/kg) strengthens the anxiolytic effect of citalopram (3 mg/kg) by facilitating central 5-HT neurotransmission. Since GR 127,935 (4 mg/kg) failed to accelerate the inhibition of freezing induced by citalopram (3 mg/kg) with WAY 100,635 (0.15 mg/kg) or citalopram (3 mg/kg) alone, it is suggested that blocking 5-HT1A receptors is more effective in facilitating the anxiolytic effect of citalopram than blocking 5-HT1B/1D receptors.

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