Both enalapril and losartan attenuate sarcolemmal Na+-K+-ATPase remodeling in failing rat heart due to myocardial infarction

Xiaobing Guo, Jingwei Wang, Vijayan Elimban, Naranjan S Dhalla
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 2008, 86 (4): 139-47
To investigate the mechanisms underlying the depressed sarcolemmal (SL) Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity in congestive heart failure (CHF), different isoforms and gene expression of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase were examined in the failing left ventricle (LV) at 8 weeks after myocardial infarction (MI). In view of the increased activity of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in CHF, these parameters were also studied after 5 weeks of treatment with enalapril (10 mg x kg-1 x day-1), an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, and losartan (20, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist, starting at 3 weeks after the coronary ligation in rats. The infarcted animals showed LV dysfunction and depressed SL Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity. Protein content and mRNA levels for Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase alpha2 isoform were decreased whereas those for Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase alpha3 isoform were increased in the failing LV. On the other hand, no significant changes were observed in protein content or mRNA levels for Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase alpha1 and beta1 isoforms. The treatment of infarcted animals with enalapril or losartan improved LV function and attenuated the depression in Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase alpha2 isoform as well as the increase in alpha3 isoform, at both the protein and mRNA levels; however, combination therapy with enalapril and losartan did not produce any additive effects. These results provide further evidence that CHF due to MI is associated with remodeling of SL membrane and suggest that the blockade of RAS plays an important role in preventing these alterations in the failing heart.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"