JOURNAL ARTICLE

Exercise preconditioning protects against doxorubicin-induced cardiac dysfunction

David S Hydock, Chia-Ying Lien, Carole M Schneider, Reid Hayward
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2008, 40 (5): 808-17
18408619

UNLABELLED: The clinical use of the chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin (DOX) is limited due to a dose-dependent cardiotoxicity. Evidence is mounting that exercise protects against DOX-related cardiac dysfunction, and as such, it may be possible that prior endurance training promotes defense against DOX cardiotoxicity.

PURPOSE: To examine the effects of exercise preconditioning on acute DOX-induced cardiotoxicity, and to determine whether any observed cardioprotection was associated with myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoform alterations.

METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats trained on a motorized treadmill, had access to voluntary running wheels, or remained sedentary for 10 wk prior to being injected with either saline or 10 mg.kg(-1) DOX. Left ventricular function was then assessed in vivo using transthoracic echocardiography and ex vivo using the isolated working heart at 5 and 10 d after injection. Additionally, left ventricular MHC isoform expression was analyzed as a possible mechanism to explain exercise-induced cardioprotection.

RESULTS: DOX treatment promoted significant in vivo and ex vivo cardiac dysfunction at 5 and 10 d after injection in sedentary animals, and this dysfunction was associated with an upregulation of the beta-MHC isoform. Exercise preconditioning protected against DOX-induced cardiac dysfunction at 5 and 10 d after injection by attenuating beta-MHC upregulation.

CONCLUSION: Endurance training prior to DOX treatment protects against acute DOX cardiotoxicity for up to 10 d, and this protection can potentially be explained by a preservation of MHC isoform distribution.

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