Inpatient admissions for drug-induced liver injury: results from a single center

Elizabeth J Carey, Hugo E Vargas, David D Douglas, Vijayan Balan, Thomas J Byrne, M Edwyn Harrison, Jorge Rakela
Digestive Diseases and Sciences 2008, 53 (7): 1977-82
Objective To review all cases of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) requiring hospitalization at a single tertiary care center. Methods Patient records were identified by ICD-9 codes for inpatient visits from November 1998 through March 2006. Results Of a total 83,265 hospital admissions during the study period, 40 were for DILI (0.048%). Thirteen patients had non-acetaminophen DILI (NA-DILI); 27 had acetaminophen-related DILI (A-DILI). In the NA-DILI group, mean age was 59 +/- 17.9 years and liver injury was classified as hepatocellular (7), cholestatic (5), or mixed (1). A variety of medications were implicated with antimicrobials being the most common class. Resolution occurred in seven, two died of complications related to hepatotoxicity, one underwent liver transplantation, and the outcome was undetermined in three who were lost to follow-up. In the A-DILI group, mean age was 35 +/- 11.0 years. Eighteen involved intentional overdose of acetaminophen; nine were associated with chronic use. The pattern of injury was hepatocellular in all. Resolution occurred in 4 patients, death in 8, and improvement in 15. Conclusions DILI is a rare cause of inpatient admission but is associated with significant mortality. Spontaneous resolution occurs in most patients but return to normal liver function may take months. Antimicrobial agents account for the largest proportion of NA-DILI.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"