IL-12, IL-23, and IL-27 enhance human beta-defensin-2 production in human keratinocytes

Naoko Kanda, Shinichi Watanabe
European Journal of Immunology 2008, 38 (5): 1287-96
IL-12, IL-23, and IL-27, which are produced by APC, modulate innate and adaptive immunities. Human beta-defensin-2 (hBD-2) produced by epidermal keratinocytes promotes cutaneous antimicrobial defense and inflammation. We examined the in vitro effects of IL-12, IL-23, and IL-27 on hBD-2 production in human keratinocytes. IL-12, IL-23, and IL-27 enhanced IL-1beta-induced hBD-2 secretion and mRNA expression in keratinocytes. The stimulatory effects of IL-12, IL-23, and IL-27 were suppressed by antisense oligonucleotides against NF-kappaB p50 and p65. In addition, the effects of IL-12 and IL-27 were suppressed by antisense STAT3 and STAT1, respectively. All the three IL enhanced the basal and IL-1beta-induced transcriptional activities of NF-kappaB, while IL-12 and IL-27 enhanced STAT3 and STAT1 activities, respectively. Further, IL-12, IL-23, and IL-27 promoted basal and IL-1beta-induced phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha. IL-12 and IL-23 tyrosine phosphorylated STAT3 and STAT1, respectively; IL-12, IL-23, and IL-27 tyrosine phosphorylated JAK2 and tyrosine kinase-2; and IL-27 tyrosine phosphorylated JAK1. These results suggest that IL-12, IL-23, and IL-27 may enhance IL-1beta-induced hBD-2 production in keratinocytes by activating NF-kappaB. STAT3 and STAT1 are involved in the effects of IL-12 and IL-27, respectively. Thus, IL-12, IL-23, and IL-27 may promote cutaneous antimicrobial defense and inflammation via hBD-2.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"