Prognostic value of troponins in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes and chronic kidney disease

Chiara Melloni, Karen P Alexander, Sarah Milford-Beland, L Kristin Newby, Lynda A Szczech, Charles V Pollack, J Douglas Kirk, Robert H Christenson, Robert A Harrington, W Brian Gibler, E Magnus Ohman, Eric D Peterson, Matthew T Roe
Clinical Cardiology 2008, 31 (3): 125-9

BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of cardiac troponins (cTn) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) is debated.

HYPOTHESIS: We tested the performance of cTnI and cTnT for risk stratification in patients with CKD and evaluated the prognostic significance of cTnI and cTnT elevations by their magnitude across the range of CKD severity.

METHODS: We examined correlations among cTn elevation, CKD, and in-hospital mortality in 31,586 high-risk patients with NSTE ACS included in the Can Rapid Risk Stratification of Unstable Angina Patients Suppress ADverse Outcomes with Early Implementation of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Guidelines initiative (CRUSADE). Cardiac tropinins I and T levels were categorized as ratios of each site's upper limit of normal (ULN) for myocardial necrosis: normal (cTn ratio < or =1 x ULN), mild (cTn ratio > 1-3 x ULN), and major (cTn ratio > 3 x ULN) elevation. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using the abbreviated Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation. Stages of CKD were categorized as normal to mild (eGFR > 60 mL/min), moderate (eGFR 30-60 mL/min), or severe (eGFR < 30 mL/min).

RESULTS: Mortality increased more steeply across CKD stages (2.0%-12.9%) than across cTn ratio categories (2.7%-5.4%). In normal or mild CKD, mortality was low regardless of cTn elevations. In moderate CKD, mortality increased incrementally with cTnI (3.3% versus 5.4% versus 7.4%) and cTnT (3.7% versus 5.3% versus 7.3%) elevation. Among severe CKD patients, only major cTn elevations further distinguished risk (cTnI: 10.1% versus 9.7% versus 14.6%; cTnT: 7.0% versus 5.7% versus 14.0%).

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with CKD, cTnI and cTnT perform equally in differentiating short-term prognosis following NSTE ACS; however, the prognostic impact of cTn is dependent upon the degree of CKD severity.

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