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[Complaints of back pain in childhood: find curable causes].

Three children, a 13-year-old boy and a 3-year-old and 6-year-old girl, were presented to the hospital with back pain, caused by Scheuermann's disease, spondylodiscitis and sickle cell disease, respectively. The boy with Scheuermann's disease received exercise therapy, the spondylodiscitis was treated with antibiotic therapy and the girl with sickle cell disease was given hyperhydration and folic acid. Although back pain is a common problem in children and teenagers, it is infrequently reported in the clinic. In contrast to back pain in adults, the same complaint in childhood is more often caused by a serious disorder which should be treated. Various causes of back pain in children can be distinguished: mechanical problems, infections of the lumbar spine, neoplasia, inflammation, and other causes, such as sickle cell disease. A child or adolescent presenting to the clinic with complaints of back pain deserves a careful detailed evaluation of the history, appropriate physical examination and additional investigation. Alarm symptoms are an increase in back pain, age below 4 years, pain during the night, restriction in function, systemic complaints or neurological deficits.

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