Both preoperative perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody and anti-CBir1 expression in ulcerative colitis patients influence pouchitis development after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis

Phillip Fleshner, Andrew Ippoliti, Marla Dubinsky, Eric Vasiliauskas, Ling Mei, Konstantinos A Papadakis, Jerome I Rotter, Carol Landers, Stephan Targan
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2008, 6 (5): 561-8

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Acute pouchitis (AP) and chronic pouchitis (CP) are common after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis. The aim of this study was to assess associations of preoperative perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (pANCA) and anti-CBir1 flagellin on AP or CP development.

METHODS: Patients were assessed prospectively for clinically and endoscopically proven AP (antibiotic responsive) or CP (antibiotic-dependent or refractory to antibiotic therapy). Sera from 238 patients were analyzed for ANCA and anti-CBir1 using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. pANCA(+) patients were substratified into high-level (>100 EU/mL) and low-level (<100 EU/mL) groups.

RESULTS: After a median follow-up period of 47 months, 72 patients (30%) developed pouchitis. Pouchitis developed in 36% of pANCA(+) patients versus 16% of pANCA(-) patients (P = .005), 46% of anti-CBir1(+) patients versus 26% of anti-CBir1(-) patients (P = .02), and 54% of 35 pANCA(+)/anti-CBir1(+) patients versus 31% of 136 pANCA(+)/anti-CBir1(-) patients (P = .02). AP developed in 37 pANCA(+) patients (22%) versus 6 pANCA(-) patients (9%) (P = .02), and 12 anti-CBir1(+) patients (26%) versus 31 anti-CBir1(-) patients (16%) (P = .1). Although AP was not influenced by pANCA level, AP was seen in 38% of low-level pANCA(+)/anti-CBir1(+) patients versus 18% low-level pANCA(+)/anti-CBir1(-) patients (P = .03). CP was seen in 29% of high-level pANCA(+) patients versus 11% of low-level pANCA(+) patients (P = .03).

CONCLUSIONS: Both pANCA and anti-CBir1 expression are associated with pouchitis after IPAA. Anti-CBir1 increases the incidence of AP only in patients who have low-level pANCA expression, and increases the incidence of CP only in patients who have high-level pANCA expression. Diverse patterns of reactivity to microbial antigens may manifest as different forms of pouchitis after IPAA.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"