Surgery for localized, provoked vestibulodynia: a long-term follow-up study

Nina Bohm-Starke, Eva Rylander
Journal of Reproductive Medicine 2008, 53 (2): 83-9

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term results of vestibulectomy in women with localized, provoked vestibulodynia.

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective questionnaire survey was filled out by 67 Swedish women who underwent surgery for localized, provoked vestibulodynia during 1992-2003. The questionnaire was completed a minimum of 12 months after the operation. Coital pain, quality of sexual life and psychologic well-being were evaluated.

RESULTS: The mean age at the time of surgery was 27 years (18-56) and the median follow-up time 41 months (12-120). Coital pain, rated with Visual Analogue Scales (VAS(neg)) (0-10), was 8.0 (median) before surgery, 5.0 (p < 0.001) 6 months after surgery and 2.0 (p < 0.001) at follow-up. Quality of sexual life, using VAS(pos) (10-0), was 6.5 (median) before dyspareunia, 0.5 (p < 0.001) prior to surgery and 6.5 (p < 0.001) at followup. Complete or major improvement was reported by 56% of women with secondary vestibulodynia and 17% of women with primary vestibulodynia (p = 0.03). Improved psychologic well-being was reported by 79%.

CONCLUSION: Women with secondary localized provoked vestibulodynia will often benefit from surgery when other treatments fail. Surgical outcome should include both pain relief and psychosexual well-being. In this study women with primary vestibulodynia were less likely to benefit from surgery.

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