Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Atrial fibrillation in patients with Brugada syndrome relationships of gene mutation, electrophysiology, and clinical backgrounds.

OBJECTIVES: The goal of our work was to examine the relationships of atrial fibrillation (AF) with genetic, clinical, and electrophysiological backgrounds in Brugada syndrome (BrS).

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is often observed in patients with BrS and indicates that electrical abnormality might exist in the atrium as well as in the ventricle. SCN5A, a gene encoding the cardiac sodium channel, has been reported to be causally related to BrS. However, little is known about the relationships of atrial arrhythmias with genetic, clinical, and electrophysiological backgrounds of BrS.

METHODS: Seventy-three BrS patients (49 +/- 12 years of age, men/women = 72/1) were studied. The existence of SCN5A mutation and clinical variables (syncopal episode, documented ventricular fibrillation [VF], and family history of sudden death) were compared with spontaneous AF episodes. Genetic and clinical variables were also compared with electrophysiologic (EP) parameters: atrial refractory period, interatrial conduction time (CT), repetitive atrial firing, and AF induction by atrial extra-stimulus testing.

RESULTS: Spontaneous AF occurred in 10 (13.7%) of the BrS patients and SCN5A mutation was detected in 15 patients. Spontaneous AF was associated with higher incidence of syncopal episodes (60.0% vs. 22.2%, p < 0.03) and documented VF (40.0% vs. 14.3%, p < 0.05). SCN5A mutation was associated with prolonged CT (p < 0.03) and AF induction (p < 0.05) in EP study, but not related to the spontaneous AF episode and other clinical variables. In patients with documented VF, higher incidence of spontaneous AF (30.8% vs. 10.0%, p < 0.05), AF induction (53.8% vs. 20.0%, p < 0.03), and prolonged CT was observed.

CONCLUSIONS: Spontaneous AF and VF are closely linked clinically and electrophysiologically in BrS patients. Patients with spontaneous AF have more severe clinical backgrounds in BrS. SCN5A mutation is associated with electrical abnormality but not disease severity.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app