JOURNAL ARTICLE

Glycoprotein IIb-IIIa inhibitors in the emergency department for patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes: principles and practices

Cedric W Lefebvre, James W Hoekstra, Marc Bonaca, Robert Giugliano
Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009, 36 (2): 162-70
18353601
Non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Although the benefit of platelet inhibition by glycoprotein (GP) IIb-IIIa inhibitors in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is well established, emergency physicians and cardiologists have different perspectives regarding their optimum administration, especially upstream before PCI. In this article, two emergency physicians and two cardiologists analyze data and discuss relevant issues, including the ischemic benefits vs. the risk of bleeding associated with GP IIb-IIIa inhibitors in appropriate patients, for example, those with an elevated troponin level or who undergo revascularization. The emergency physicians support early identification of high-risk non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome patients and early administration of GP IIb-IIIa inhibitors, which are linked to improved patient outcomes. The cardiologists emphasize risk stratification to identify patients in whom the expected reduction in ischemic complications outweighs the risk of increased bleeding with these agents. GP IIb-IIIa inhibitors should be considered in patients with unstable angina and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (UA/NSTEMI) in whom PCI is planned, especially those with high-risk features or elevated serum troponin levels. It is reasonable to start this treatment upstream of intervention, pending further studies investigating the optimal timing of initiation of therapy in appropriate patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18353601
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"