Theaflavin-3-gallate and theaflavin-3'-gallate, polyphenols in black tea with prooxidant properties

Harvey Babich, Reena T Gottesman, Emily J Liebling, Alyssa G Schuck
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology 2008, 103 (1): 66-74
This study compared the in vitro responses of human gingival fibroblasts and of carcinoma cells derived from the tongue to theaflavin-3-gallate (TF-2A) and theaflavin-3'-gallate (TF-2B), polyphenols in black tea. The antiproliferative and cytotoxic effects of the theaflavin monomers were more pronounced to the carcinoma, than to the normal, cells. In phosphate buffer at pH 7.4, the theaflavins generated hydrogen peroxide and the superoxide anion, suggesting that their mode of toxicity may be due, in part, to the induction of oxidative stress. In a cell-free assay, TF-2A and TF-2B reacted directly with reduced glutathione (GSH), in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Intracellular storages of GSH were depleted on treatment of the cells with the theaflavin monomers. Depletion of intracellular GSH was more extensive with TF-2A than with TF-2B and was more pronounced in the carcinoma, than in the normal, cells. The toxicities of the theaflavins were potentiated when the cells were cotreated with the GSH depleter, d,l-buthionine-[S,R]-sulfoximine. In the presence of catalase, pyruvate and divalent cobalt, all scavengers of reactive oxygen species, the cytotoxicities of the theaflavins were lessened. TF-2A and TF-2B induced lipid peroxidation in the carcinoma cells, whereas in the fibroblasts, peroxidation was evident upon exposure to TF-2A, but not to TF-2B. These studies demonstrated that the black tea theaflavin monomers, TF-2A and TF-2B, act as prooxidants and induce oxidative stress, with carcinoma cells more sensitive than normal fibroblasts.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"