JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Contributions of the Raf/MEK/ERK, PI3K/PTEN/Akt/mTOR and Jak/STAT pathways to leukemia

L S Steelman, S L Abrams, J Whelan, F E Bertrand, D E Ludwig, J Bäsecke, M Libra, F Stivala, M Milella, A Tafuri, P Lunghi, A Bonati, A M Martelli, J A McCubrey
Leukemia 2008, 22 (4): 686-707
18337767
Mutations and chromosomal translocations occur in leukemic cells that result in elevated expression or constitutive activation of various growth factor receptors and downstream kinases. The Raf/MEK/ERK, PI3K/PTEN/Akt/mTOR and Jak/STAT pathways are often activated by mutations in upstream genes. The Raf/MEK/ERK and PI3K/PTEN/Akt/mTOR pathways are regulated by upstream Ras that is frequently mutated in human cancer. Recently, it has been observed that the FLT-3 and Jak kinases and the phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) phosphatase are also frequently mutated or their expression is altered in certain hematopoietic neoplasms. Many of the events elicited by the Raf/MEK/ERK, PI3K/PTEN/Akt/mTOR and Jak/STAT pathways have direct effects on survival pathways. Aberrant regulation of the survival pathways can contribute to uncontrolled cell growth and lead to leukemia. In this review, we describe the Raf/MEK/ERK, PI3K/PTEN/Akt/mTOR and Jak/STAT signaling cascades and summarize recent data regarding the regulation and mutation status of these pathways and their involvement in leukemia.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18337767
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"