Interleukin-13 neutralization by two distinct receptor blocking mechanisms reduces immunoglobulin E responses and lung inflammation in cynomolgus monkeys

Marion T Kasaian, Xiang-Yang Tan, Macy Jin, Lori Fitz, Kimberly Marquette, Nancy Wood, Timothy A Cook, Julie Lee, Angela Widom, Rita Agostinelli, Andrea Bree, Franklin J Schlerman, Stephane Olland, Michael Wadanoli, Joseph Sypek, Davinder Gill, Samuel J Goldman, Lioudmila Tchistiakova
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 2008, 325 (3): 882-92
Interleukin (IL)-13 is a key cytokine driving allergic and asthmatic responses and contributes to airway inflammation in cynomolgus monkeys after segmental challenge with Ascaris suum antigen. IL-13 bioactivity is mediated by a heterodimeric receptor (IL-13Ralpha1/IL-4Ralpha) and can be inhibited in vitro by targeting IL-13 interaction with either chain. However, in cytokine systems, in vitro neutralization activity may not always predict inhibitory function in vivo. To address the efficacy of two different IL-13 neutralization mechanisms in a primate model of atopic disease, two humanized monoclonal antibodies to IL-13 were generated, with highly homologous properties, differing in epitope recognition. Ab01 blocks IL-13 interaction with IL-4Ralpha, and Ab02 blocks IL-13 interaction with IL-13Ralpha1. In a cynomolgus monkey model of IgE responses to A. suum antigen, both Ab01 and Ab02 effectively reduced serum titers of Ascaris-specific IgE and diminished ex vivo Ascaris-triggered basophil histamine release, assayed 8 weeks after a single administration of antibody. The two antibodies also produced comparable reductions in pulmonary inflammation after lung segmental challenge with Ascaris antigen. Increased serum levels of IL-13, lacking demonstrable biological activity, were seen postchallenge in animals given either anti-IL-13 antibody but not in control animals given human IgG of irrelevant specificity. These findings demonstrate a potent effect of IL-13 neutralization on IgE-mediated atopic responses in a primate system and show that IL-13 can be efficiently neutralized by targeting either the IL-4Ralpha-binding epitope or the IL-13Ralpha1-binding epitope.

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