Resynchronization of the left ventricular contraction by tailored programming of right and left ventricular pacing

Michele Brignole, Daniele Oddone, Roberto Maggi, Gabriele Lupi, Roberto Bollini, Serena Corallo, Stefano Robotti, Alberto Solano, Paolo Donateo, Francesco Croci
Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology 2008, 10 (4): 489-95

AIMS: The prerequisite and the rationale for the benefit of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is that it is able to resynchronize left ventricular (LV) walls that have a delayed activation.

METHODS AND RESULTS: In 69 consecutive patients who underwent biventricular (BIV) pacemaker implantation, we assessed the magnitude of intraventricular resynchronization achieved by means of simultaneous (BIV 0) and sequential BIV pacing (with an individually optimized VV interval value among +80 ms and -80 ms) using pulsed-wave tissue Doppler imaging techniques and in particular the measurement of the intra-LV electromechanical delay. The intra-LV delay was defined as the difference between the longest and the shortest activation time in the six basal segments of the LV. An abnormal intra-LV delay was defined as a value >41 ms. The intra-LV delay was 63 +/- 28 ms baseline, decreased to 44 +/- 26 ms with BIV 0 and to 26 +/- 15 ms with optimized BIV (P = 0.001). BIV 0 determined the shortest delay in 28 (41%) patients (23 +/- 12 ms). In 41 (59%) patients, a better resynchronization was achieved with optimized VV intervals (LV first in 32 and RV first in 5) or single-chamber pacing (LV in 3 and RV in 1). With BIV 0, the intra-LV delay remained abnormal in 41% and was longer than baseline in 30% of patients compared with 9 and 12% with optimized BIV, respectively (P = 0.001).

CONCLUSION: A sub-optimal resynchronization is achieved with simultaneous BIV pacing in most patients. A tailored programming of the relative contribution of RV and LV pacing forms the prerequisite for improving CRT results.

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