Hard tissue formation in a porous HA/TCP ceramic scaffold loaded with stromal cells derived from dental pulp and bone marrow

Weibo Zhang, X Frank Walboomers, Gerjo J V M van Osch, Juliette van den Dolder, John A Jansen
Tissue Engineering. Part A 2008, 14 (2): 285-94
The aim of this study was to compare the ability of hard tissue regeneration of four types of stem cells or precursors under both in vitro and in vivo situations. Primary cultures of rat bone marrow, rat dental pulp, human bone marrow, and human dental pulp cells were seeded onto a porous ceramic scaffold material, and then either cultured in an osteogenic medium or subcutaneously implanted into nude mice. For cell culture, samples were collected at weeks 0, 1, 3, and 5. Results were analyzed by measuring cell proliferation rate and alkaline phosphatase activity, scanning electron microscopy, and real-time PCR. Samples from the implantation study were retrieved after 5 and 10 weeks and evaluated by histology and real-time PCR. The results indicated that in vitro abundant cell growth and mineralization of extracellular matrix was observed for all types of cells. However, in vivo matured bone formation was found only in the samples seeded with rat bone marrow stromal cells. Real-time PCR suggested that the expression of Runx2 and the expression osteocalcin were important for the differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells, while dentin sialophosphoprotein contributed to the odontogenic differentiation. In conclusion, the limited hard tissue regeneration ability of dental pulp stromal cells questions their practical application for complete tooth regeneration. Repeated cell passaging may explain the reduction of the osteogenic ability of both bone- and dentinal-derived stem cells. Therefore, it is essential to develop new cell culture methods to harvest the desired cell numbers while not obliterating the osteogenic potential.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"