Renal replacement therapy in end-stage renal disease patients with chronic liver disease and ascites: role of peritoneal dialysis

Kunal Chaudhary, Ramesh Khanna
Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis 2008, 28 (2): 113-7
Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis account for several thousand deaths in the United States and often these patients have renal disease that progresses to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), necessitating renal replacement therapy. These patients provide significant challenges to their physicians, especially in the management of their ESRD with dialysis. ESRD patients with chronic liver disease and ascites are more difficult to manage on hemodialysis (HD) due to their hemodynamic status and risk of bleeding. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) offers them a viable alternative, along with a stable hemodynamic status and a lower risk of bleeding. The overall morbidity and mortality as well as the risk of peritonitis appear to be almost similar between cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic PD patients. In the absence of clinical trials comparing HD versus PD in such a population, and despite the limited clinical observations, the authors support PD as a viable and effective form of renal replacement therapy for patients with ESRD and associated chronic liver disease with cirrhosis and ascites.

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