Does measuring BHR add to guideline derived clinical measures in determining treatment for patients with persistent asthma?

Steven M Koenig, John J Murray, James Wolfe, Leslie Andersen, Steve Yancey, Barbara Prillaman, John Stauffer, Paul Dorinsky
Respiratory Medicine 2008, 102 (5): 665-73

RATIONALE: Little is known about the use of biomarkers in guiding treatment decisions in routine asthma management. The objective of this study was to determine whether adding a LABA to an ICS would control bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) at an overall lower dose of ICS when titration of medication was based upon the assessment of routine clinical measures with or without the measurement of BHR.

METHODS: After a 2-week run-in period, subjects (> or = 12 years) were randomized to one of three treatment groups. Two groups followed a BHR treatment strategy (based on clinical parameters [lung function, asthma symptoms, and bronchodilator use] and BHR) and were treated with either fluticasone propionate/salmeterol (FSC(BHR) group) or fluticasone propionate (FP(BHR) group) (n=156 each). The third group followed a clinical treatment algorithm (based on clinical parameters alone) and were treated with fluticasone propionate (FP(REF) group; n=154). All treatments were administered via Diskus. Treatment doses were adjusted as needed every 8 weeks for 40 weeks according to the subject's derived severity class, which was based on clinical measures of asthma control with or without BHR.

RESULTS: The mean total daily inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) dose during the double-blind treatment period was lower, although not statistically significant, in the FSC(BHR) group compared with the FP(BHR) group (a difference of -42.9 mcg; p=0.07). Compared with the FP(REF) group, the mean total daily ICS dose was higher in the FSC(BHR) group (a difference of 85.2 mcg) and was significantly higher in the FP(BHR) group (a difference of 131.2 mcg, p=0.037).

CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that for most subjects, control of BHR was maintained when treatment was directed toward control of clinical parameters. In addition, there was a trend towards control of BHR and clinical measures at a lower dose of ICS when used concurrently with salmeterol.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"