Effect of clopidogrel pretreatment on angiographic and clinical outcomes in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction

Eli I Lev, Ran Kornowski, Hana Vaknin-Assa, David Brosh, Shmuel Fuchs, Alexander Battler, Abid Assali
American Journal of Cardiology 2008 February 15, 101 (4): 435-9
Pretreatment with clopidogrel before elective primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been shown to reduce ischemic complications. There are limited data about the value of clopidogrel pretreatment in the setting of PCI for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We aimed to examine the effect of clopidogrel preloading on angiographic and clinical outcomes in patients with STEMI who were treated with PCI. We conducted a prospective registry of all patients treated with primary PCI for STEMI from March 2003 to June 2006. Excluded were patients with cardiogenic shock. For the current analysis, patients (n = 292) were allocated into 2 groups. One group received clopidogrel loading dose before PCI (in the emergency department or coronary care unit, n = 165); the other,immediately after PCI (n = 127). TIMI myocardial perfusion (TMP) grade at the end of PCI and 30-day and 6-month clinical outcomes were assessed. Clinical characteristics were similar among the groups. However, patients pretreated with clopidogrel were more likely to receive aspirin and beta blockers before the current admission. TMP grade 3 occurred in a higher proportion of patients in the clopidogrel pretreatment group than in the no-pretreatment group (85% vs 71%, p = 0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that clopidogrel pretreatment was associated with an odds ratio of 2.2 for TMP grade 3 (1.2 to 3.9, p = 0.01). Furthermore, the incidence of reinfarction at 30 days was lower in the pretreatment group (0% vs 3.2%, respectively, p = 0.04). In conclusion, these findings support the early use of clopidogrel in patients with STEMI who are treated with primary PCI.

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