COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

The effect of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate on remineralization of artificial caries-like lesions: an in vitro study

V L N Kumar, A Itthagarun, N M King
Australian Dental Journal 2008, 53 (1): 34-40
18304239

BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to investigate the efficacy of CPP-ACP containing Tooth Mousse on the remineralization of enamel lesions and to compare its efficacy to that of a fluoride-containing toothpaste.

METHODS: Permanent teeth were placed in demineralizing solution for 96 hours to produce artificial caries-like lesions 120-200 microm in depth. They were sectioned into 100-150 microm thick samples and randomly assigned to five groups: for Group A, a fluoridated toothpaste (1100 ppm) was used as a positive control and in Group B, a non-fluoridated toothpaste was used as a negative control. Tooth Mousse containing CPP-ACP was tested by three different means: as a toothpaste (Group C); as a topical coating (Group D); and (Group E) as a topical coating after treating the sections with the same fluoridated toothpaste as in Group A.

RESULTS: The lesion depth decreased significantly by 7 per cent in Group A, 10.1 per cent in Groups C and D, and 13.1 per cent in Group E (Paired t- test, p < 0.05), while in Group B the lesion depth increased significantly by 23 per cent.

CONCLUSIONS: Based on the data obtained, CPP-ACP containing Tooth Mousse remineralized initial enamel lesions and it showed a higher remineralizing potential when applied as a topical coating after the use of a fluoridated toothpaste.

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