Theoretical investigation of electronic excitation energy transfer in bichromophoric assemblies

Burkhard Fückel, Andreas Köhn, Michael E Harding, Gregor Diezemann, Gerald Hinze, Thomas Basché, Jürgen Gauss
Journal of Chemical Physics 2008 February 21, 128 (7): 074505
Electronic excitation energy transfer (EET) rates in rylene diimide dyads are calculated using second-order approximate coupled-cluster theory and time-dependent density functional theory. We investigate the dependence of the EET rates on the interchromophoric distance and the relative orientation and show that Forster theory works quantitatively only for donor-acceptor separations larger than roughly 5 nm. For smaller distances the EET rates are over- or underestimated by Forster theory depending on the respective orientation of the transition dipole moments of the chromophores. In addition to the direct transfer rates we consider bridge-mediated transfer originating from oligophenylene units placed between the chromophores. We find that the polarizability of the bridge significantly enhances the effective interaction. We compare our calculations to single molecule experiments on two types of dyads and find reasonable agreement between theory and experiment.

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