JOURNAL ARTICLE
RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Major congenital malformations following prenatal exposure to serotonin reuptake inhibitors and benzodiazepines using population-based health data.

BACKGROUND: To determine a population-based incidence of congenital anomalies following prenatal exposure to serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) antidepressants used alone and in combination with a benzodiazepines (BZ).

METHODS: Population health data, maternal health, and prenatal prescription records were linked to neonatal records, representing all live births (British Columbia, Canada, N=119,547) during a 39-month period (1998-2001). The incidence and risk differences (RD) for major congenital anomalies (CA) and congenital heart disease (CHD), including ventricular and atrial septal defects (VSD, ASD), from infants of mothers treated with an SRI alone, a benzodiazepine (BZ) alone, or SRI+BZ in combinationcompared to outcomesno exposure.

RESULTS: Risk for a CA or CHD did increase following combined SRI+BZ exposure compared with no exposure. However, using a weighted regression model, controlling for maternal illness characteristics, combination therapy risk remained significantly associated only with CHD. The risk for an ASD was higher following SRI monotherapy compared with no exposure, after adjustment for maternal covariates. Dose/day was not associated with increased risk.

CONCLUSIONS: Infants exposed to prenatal SRIs in combination with BZs had a higher a incidence of CHD compared to no exposure, even after controlling for maternal illness characteristics. SRI monotherapy was not associated with an increased risk for major CA, but was associated with an increased incidence of ASD. Risk was not associated with first trimester medication dose/day.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app