Association between sleep bruxism and temporomandibular disorders: a polysomnographic pilot study

Leylha Maria Nunes Rossetti, Paulo Henrique Orlato Rossetti, Paulo César Rodrigues Conti, Carlos dos Reis Pereira de Araujo
Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice 2008, 26 (1): 16-24
The aim of this study was to verify the association between sleep bruxism (SB) and temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in a sample of 14 TMD patients and 12 healthy control subjects. All participants were evaluated using a clinical questionnaire, visual analog scale (VAS) for TMJ/muscle palpation, and by functional examination. The experimental group was divided into three TMD subgroups: joint sounds and pain, muscular tenderness, and mixed diagnosis. All participants underwent polysomnographic recording (PSG). A second clinical examination was then carried out to verify the relationship between rhythmic masticatory muscle activity and pain/tenderness on the following morning. The experimental and control groups presented VAS mean scores of 36.85 +/- 23.73 mm and 0 mm, respectively. The presence of SB was neither associated with TMD (p > 0.05) nor with pain on palpation (p > 0.05). Further research with a more representative sample of each TMD subgroup is necessary to elucidate its interaction with SB.

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