JOURNAL ARTICLE

Expression of the chromatin remodeling factor Rsf-1 is down-regulated in breast carcinoma effusions

Ben Davidson, Tian-Li Wang, Ie-Ming Shih, Aasmund Berner
Human Pathology 2008, 39 (4): 616-22
18289639
We recently identified Rsf-1, a chromatin-remodeling gene, as a potential oncogene that is frequently amplified and overexpressed in ovarian serous carcinoma, and demonstrated that its expression in carcinoma cells in effusions is associated with poor prognosis. In the present study, we assessed the clinical significance of Rsf-1 overexpression in breast carcinoma effusions. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded sections from 47 effusions were analyzed for Rsf-1 expression by immunohistochemistry. Matched primary tumors (n = 30) and solid metastases (n = 26) from 30 patients were additionally studied. Rsf-1 expression in tumor cells in effusions was analyzed for association with clinicopathologic parameters and survival. Rsf-1 protein expression was found in carcinoma cells in 34 (72%) of 47 effusions, 24 (80%) of 30 primary carcinomas, and 24 (92%) of 26 metastases. Rsf-1 immunoreactivity in effusions showed no association with HER-2 or hormone receptor status. Rsf-1 expression level was significantly lower in effusions compared with primary tumors (P = .026 and P = .011 for extent and intensity, respectively) and lymph node metastases (P = .023 and P = .013 for extent and intensity, respectively). Staining extent and intensity were both significantly lower in breast compared with ovarian carcinoma effusions (P = .001 for extent, P < .001 for intensity). Rsf-1 expression showed no association with survival. In conclusion, in contrast to ovarian carcinoma, Rsf-1 expression is down-regulated in breast carcinoma cells in effusions compared with the solid counterparts and has no prognostic role at this anatomic site.

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