JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Expression and significance of E-cadherin, CD44v6, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen in non-small cell lung cancer]

Mi-Xia Weng, Cui-Huan Wu, Xiu-Ping Yang
Ai Zheng, Aizheng, Chinese Journal of Cancer 2008, 27 (2): 191-5
18279620

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: E-cadherin (E-cad), CD44v6 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) play important roles in invasion and metastasis of cancers. This study was to investigate the correlations of the expression of E-cad, CD44v6, and PCNA to the invasion, metastasis, and prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

METHODS: The expression of E-cad, CD44v6 and PCNA in 86 specimens of NSCLC and 40 specimens of adjacent normal tissues were detected by EnVision immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS: The high expression rate of E-cad was significantly lower in NSCLC than in adjacent normal tissues (53.5% vs. 80.0%, P<0.05). E-cad staining in NSCLC tissues was correlated to differentiation, lymph node metastasis and TNM stage (P<0.05). The high expression rate of CD44v6 was 44.2% in NSCLC, and 0 in adjacent normal tissues. CD44v6 staining in NSCLC tissues was correlated to classification, lymph node metastasis and TNM stage (P<0.05). The high expression rate of PCNA was 48.8% in NSCLC, and 0 in adjacent normal tissues. PCNA staining was correlated to lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). PCNA expression was negatively correlated to E-cad expression (r=-0.554, P<0.05), and positively correlated to CD44v6 expression (r=0.688, P<0.05). Univariate analysis indicated that E-cad, CD44v6, and PCNA were prognostic factors of NSCLC. Multivariate analysis showed that E-cad and TNM stage were independent prognostic indicators (P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: E-cad, CD44v6 and PCNA play important roles in invasion and metastasis of NSCLC. The expression of E-cad, CD44v6 and PCNA may be of prognostic value in patients with NSCLC.

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