Agonists at PPAR-gamma suppress angiotensin II-induced production of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and extracellular matrix in rat cardiac fibroblasts

G-H Hao, X-L Niu, D-F Gao, J Wei, N-P Wang
British Journal of Pharmacology 2008, 153 (7): 1409-19

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma ligands have been shown to inhibit cardiac fibrosis. However, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. We investigated the regulation by PPAR-gamma ligands of angiotensin (Ang) II-induced plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1, extracellular matrix (ECM) production and cell growth in cardiac fibroblasts.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The effects of PPAR-gamma ligands on Ang II-induced PAI-1, ECM expression and cell growth were assessed in primary-cultured rat cardiac fibroblasts; cardiac PAI-1 and ECM production was examined in Ang II-infused rats.

KEY RESULTS: In growth-arrested cardiac fibroblasts, PPAR-gamma ligands rosiglitazone and 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) dose-dependently attenuated Ang II-induced cell proliferation and expression of PAI-1, collagen type-I, collagen type-III and fibronectin. An accompanying increase in PPAR-gamma expression and activation was also observed. These suppressive effects were attenuated by the PPAR-gamma antagonists GW9662 and bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE). Moreover, rosiglitazone and 15d-PGJ2 inhibited in part the expression and phosphorylation of Ang II-induced transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1, Smad2/3 and c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK). Ang II infusion in rats markedly increased left ventricular production of PAI-1, collagen and fibronectin, with a concurrent increase in the ratios of heart weight/body weight and left ventricle weight/body weight. Co-treatment with rosiglitazone significantly decreased these levels and upregulated PPAR-gamma expression.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Rosiglitazone and 15d-PGJ2 suppress Ang II-induced production of PAI-1 and ECM probably via interactions between PPAR-gamma and TGF-beta1/Smad2/3 and JNK signalling pathways. It is suggested that PPAR-gamma and its ligands may have potential applications in preventing cardiac fibrosis.

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