JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Two-stage double-level rotational osteotomy in the treatment of congenital radioulnar synostosis.

Congenital proximal radioulnar synostosis is a rare congenital anomaly that can be extremely disabling, especially when it occurs bilaterally or if there is severe hyperpronation. Currently, osteotomy to achieve a neutral or slightly pronated position is widely accepted for the management of patients who have severe pronation. The present study evaluates the result of two-stage double-level rotational osteotomy of both the radius and ulna in the treatment of severe congenital radioulnar synostosis. Nine children with severe congenital radioulnar synostosis underwent two-stage double-level rotational osteotomy of both the radius and ulna at Mansoura University Hospital. There were seven boys and two girls with a mean age of 5.6 years who were followed up for a mean of 26 months. The position of the forearm was improved from a mean pronation deformity of 76 degrees (60 degrees to 85 degrees) to 30 degrees of pronation in the affected dominant extremities and 20 degrees of supination in non-dominant extremities in all cases. Bony union was achieved by 5.9 weeks with no loss of correction. The advantages of this technique are that it is easy, safe, with absence of severe postoperative complications and requires a small surgical scar. A drawback of the technique is that the rotation correction depends only on a cast, so that a correction loss might occur if the plaster cast loosens.

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