JOURNAL ARTICLE

Thioredoxin-1 ameliorates cigarette smoke-induced lung inflammation and emphysema in mice

Atsuyasu Sato, Yuma Hoshino, Tomijiro Hara, Shigeo Muro, Hajime Nakamura, Michiaki Mishima, Junji Yodoi
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 2008, 325 (2): 380-8
18256171
Cigarette smoking is associated with the development of inflammatory lung diseases representing major health problems world-wide. We hypothesized that the redox-regulating molecule thioredoxin-1 (TRX), which shows anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, and antiapoptotic effects, could be induced by cigarette smoke (CS) and contribute to protect against CS-induced inflammation and lung destruction. In an acute study, human TRX transgenic mice and C57BL6/J mice were exposed to mainstream CS for 3 days. In the lungs of CS-exposed mice, bronchial epithelial injury and bronchoalveolar lavage neutrophilia were observed. Oxidative stress and apoptosis were enhanced, and the expression of cytokines macrophage inflammatory protein-2 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha was increased 15.3- and 2.4-fold, respectively. Compared with C57BL6/J mice, TRX-transgenic mice had significantly less inflammation, oxidative damage, and apoptosis, as well as decreased levels of matrix metalloprotease-12 mRNA and serum TNF-alpha. When recombinant human TRX (40 microg/body/day, 3 days) was injected i.p. into CS-exposed C57BL6/J mice, a significant effect to offer protection against CS-induced lung injury was observed through suppression of neutrophil influx. In the chronic study, TRX-transgenic mice and C57BL6/J mice were exposed to CS for 6 months. This chronic exposure caused pulmonary emphysema in C57BL6/J mice accompanying prominent infiltration of macrophages and neutrophils to lung. These pathological changes were significantly suppressed in TRX-transgenic mice. In conclusion, TRX induction ameliorated CS-induced lung inflammation and emphysema in mice. TRX-1 may therefore play a preventive or therapeutic role in lung inflammatory disorders such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

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