Thioredoxin-1 ameliorates cigarette smoke-induced lung inflammation and emphysema in mice

Atsuyasu Sato, Yuma Hoshino, Tomijiro Hara, Shigeo Muro, Hajime Nakamura, Michiaki Mishima, Junji Yodoi
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 2008, 325 (2): 380-8
Cigarette smoking is associated with the development of inflammatory lung diseases representing major health problems world-wide. We hypothesized that the redox-regulating molecule thioredoxin-1 (TRX), which shows anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, and antiapoptotic effects, could be induced by cigarette smoke (CS) and contribute to protect against CS-induced inflammation and lung destruction. In an acute study, human TRX transgenic mice and C57BL6/J mice were exposed to mainstream CS for 3 days. In the lungs of CS-exposed mice, bronchial epithelial injury and bronchoalveolar lavage neutrophilia were observed. Oxidative stress and apoptosis were enhanced, and the expression of cytokines macrophage inflammatory protein-2 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha was increased 15.3- and 2.4-fold, respectively. Compared with C57BL6/J mice, TRX-transgenic mice had significantly less inflammation, oxidative damage, and apoptosis, as well as decreased levels of matrix metalloprotease-12 mRNA and serum TNF-alpha. When recombinant human TRX (40 microg/body/day, 3 days) was injected i.p. into CS-exposed C57BL6/J mice, a significant effect to offer protection against CS-induced lung injury was observed through suppression of neutrophil influx. In the chronic study, TRX-transgenic mice and C57BL6/J mice were exposed to CS for 6 months. This chronic exposure caused pulmonary emphysema in C57BL6/J mice accompanying prominent infiltration of macrophages and neutrophils to lung. These pathological changes were significantly suppressed in TRX-transgenic mice. In conclusion, TRX induction ameliorated CS-induced lung inflammation and emphysema in mice. TRX-1 may therefore play a preventive or therapeutic role in lung inflammatory disorders such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"