Laparoscopic repair of suprapubic incisional hernias: suturing and intraperitoneal composite mesh onlay. A retrospective study

C Palanivelu, M Rangarajan, R Parthasarathi, M V Madankumar, K Senthilkumar
Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery 2008, 12 (3): 251-6

BACKGROUND: Suprapubic hernias are those defects located 4 cm from the pubic symphysis. Our aim is to highlight the laparoscopic repair of suprapubic incisional hernias.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 17 patients with suprapubic incisional hernias from 1999 to 2007. A modified technique of laparoscopic intraperitoneal composite mesh onlay was performed for these patients.

RESULTS: There were 12 females and 5 males with a mean age of 55.9 years and a mean BMI of 30 kg/m(2). The mean hernia size was 87.5 cm(2), with an average mesh size of 234 cm(2). Mean follow-up was 9 months. Complications were seen in five patients, with an overall recurrence rate of 5.8%.

DISCUSSION: Suprapubic hernias are difficult to manage because of the complexity of dissection and their anatomic proximity to bony, vascular and nerve structures. The lower end of the mesh should be fixed to the Cooper's ligament and the pubic bone. Laparoscopic repair of these uncommon hernias is safe, effective and provides all the benefits of minimally invasive surgery.

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