A novel 51-kDa fragment of the large subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase formed in the stroma of chloroplasts in dark-induced senescing wheat leaves

Lie-Feng Zhang, Qi Rui, Peng Zhang, Xiao-yuan Wang, Lang-Lai Xu
Physiologia Plantarum 2007, 131 (1): 64-71
The degradation of large subunit (LSU) of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) in wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Yangmai 158) leaves was studied. A novel 51-kDa fragment was detected in leaf crude extracts and in chloroplast lysates from leaves with dark-induced senescence. Further studies showed that the 51-kDa fragment was found in the reaction solution with stroma fraction but not in that with the chloroplast membrane fraction and in the chloroplast lysates from mature wheat leaves. The reaction of producing the 51-kDa fragment was inhibited by 4-(2-aminoethyl) benzenesulfonyl fluoride hydrochloride (AEBSF), 1,10-phenanthroline and EDTA. The N-terminal sequence analysis indicated that the LSU was cleaved at the peptide bond between Lys-14 and Ala-15. In addition, a 50-kDa fragment of LSU formed obviously at pH 6.0-6.5 was detected in the crude extracts of leaves with dark-induced senescence but was not found in lysates of chloroplasts. The degradation was prevented by AEBSF, leupeptin and transepoxysuccinyl-l-leucylamido (4-guanidino) butane (E-64). The results obtained in this study imply that the appearance of the 51-kDa fragment could be because of the involvement of a new senescence-associated protease that is located in the stroma of chloroplasts in senescing wheat leaves.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"