CYP2C9, CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 allele frequencies in the Ashkenazi Jewish population

Stuart A Scott, Lisa Edelmann, Ruth Kornreich, Monica Erazo, Robert J Desnick
Pharmacogenomics 2007, 8 (7): 721-30

OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare the cytochrome P450 (CYP)2C9, CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 allele and genotype frequencies in the Ashkenazi Jewish (AJ) population with other populations.

METHODS: CYP2C9, CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 genotypes were determined in 250 anonymous, unrelated, healthy AJ individuals from the greater New York (USA) metropolitan area. Genotyping was performed using the Tag-Ittrade mark Mutation Detection system and the recently redefined CYP2D6*41A allele was identified by a restriction fragment length polymorphism assay.

RESULTS: Among the 250 AJ individuals, the CYP2C9*1, *2, *3 and *5 allele frequencies were 0.772, 0.140, 0.086 and 0.002, respectively, and the genotypes were distributed into extensive- (60.8%), intermediate- (32.8%) and poor- (6.4%) metabolizer phenotypes. The CYP2C19*1, *2 and *4 allele frequencies were 0.830, 0.152 and 0.018, respectively, and the genotypes were distributed into extensive (69.2%), intermediate (27.6%) and poor (3.2%) metabolizers. The most common CYP2D6 alleles identified were *1, *2A, *4 and *41A, and their frequencies were 0.286 0.152 0.226 and 0.140, respectively. The CYP2D6 genotypes were distributed into ultrarapid- (8.8%), extensive- (70.0%), intermediate- (16.0%) and poor- (5.2%) metabolizer phenotypes.

CONCLUSION: Although the CYP2C9 allele and genotype frequencies in the AJ subjects were similar to those in other North American Caucasian populations, genotyping the CYP2C19*4 and CYP2D6*41A alleles in the AJ population resulted in the clinically relevant reclassification of the predicted metabolizer phenotypes. Inclusion of CYP2C19*4 reclassified individuals from either extensive- or intermediate- to the intermediate- or poor-metabolizer phenotypes, respectively. Inclusion of the redefined CYP2D6*41A allele increased the ultrarapid-, intermediate- and poor-metabolizer phenotype combined frequencies to 30%, indicating that approximately one in three AJ individuals may benefit from genotype-based drug selection and dosage. In addition, the ultrarapid CYP2D6 genotype frequency in the AJ population (8.8%) was approximately twofold higher than that in other North American Caucasians.

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