COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Conservative management of hemorrhoids: a comparison of venotonic flavonoid micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF) and sclerotherapy.

PURPOSE: To compare the results of the conservative management of hemorrhoids between venotonic flavonoid micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF) and sclerotherapy, in terms of the subjective and objective outcome of patients after a follow-up period of 2 years.

METHODS: One hundred and twenty-six patients who suffered from 1st-and 2nd-degree hemorrhoids were divided into 2 groups. The first (n = 64) and second (n = 62) groups underwent venotonic flavonoid MPFF (VF) and sclerotherapy (SCL). The Average Symptoms Score (ASS), Average Anascopy Score (AAS) and the subjective scale were used to assess the success of the treatments.

RESULTS: A total of 113 patients agreed to participate in the follow-up study. ASS and AAS decreased in both of the groups in the first three visits (P < 0.05). At the end of the second visit, ASS and AAS significantly declined in the VF group. In addition, ASS and AAS decreased to the nadir level in the groups at the end of the 26th week. During the remaining time of the follow-up period, ASS showed a significant rise pattern in the VF group in comparison to the SCL group. The resolved and improved rate was significantly higher in the SCL group at the end of the study (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Sclerotherapy was a more efficient treatment modality than VF in the long-term follow-up. SCL also had an acceptable success rate in the short-term follow-up.

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