Activities of voriconazole, itraconazole and amphotericin B in vitro against 590 moulds from 323 patients in the voriconazole Phase III clinical studies

Ana Espinel-Ingroff, Elizabeth Johnson, Hans Hockey, Peter Troke
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 2008, 61 (3): 616-20

INTRODUCTION: Fungal pathogens from the voriconazole trials were identified and tested for susceptibility at two reference laboratories.

METHODS: MICs were measured using CLSI M38-A 48 h microdilution methodology.

RESULTS: Moulds from 29 genera and 38 species were isolated from 18 countries. Aspergillus spp. predominated (69%), followed by Scedosporium spp. (11.5%). Aspergillus fumigatus (292/590, 49.5%) was the most common species, followed by Scediosporium apiospermum (9.7%) and Aspergillus terreus (7.3%). The bronchi, lungs and sinuses yielded 45% of the isolates (57% of aspergilli), with 24% from the oropharynx/oesophagus. Other sites included blood/catheter (7.3%) and CNS (5.2%). MIC90s of itraconazole and voriconazole for Aspergillus spp. were the same (0.5 mg/L), but 17 Aspergillus isolates were itraconazole-resistant (MICs > or = 1-16 mg/L). Additionally, in 31 A. fumigatus and 23 A. terreus isolates, amphotericin MICs were > or = 2.0 mg/L. Voriconazole MICs exceeded 4 mg/L in only 5.8% (34/590) of the isolates, including one A. fumigatus (8.0 mg/L), 9/11 Scedosporium prolificans, 10/13 Fusarium solani and all 9 Zygomycetes. Most were also not susceptible to itraconazole or amphotericin B. A notable increase in MIC (more than two doubling dilutions) during voriconazole therapy was seen for one A. fumigatus isolate. The response rate of voriconazole-treated patients with isolate MICs > or = 4.0 mg/L was 38% when compared with 52% for those with MICs < 4.0 mg/L.

CONCLUSIONS: Voriconazole shows activity, in vitro, similar to that of itraconazole against a wide range of moulds. It is also active against some isolates not susceptible to itraconazole or amphotericin B, but not the Zygomycetes. The relationship between voriconazole MIC and clinical outcome requires further study.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"