A comparative study of histamine activities on differentiation of osteoblasts and osteoclasts

Yoshiko Ikawa, Taeko Yonekawa, Yukie Ohkuni, Mariko Kuribayashi, Katsumi Fukino, Koichi Ueno
Journal of Toxicological Sciences 2007, 32 (5): 555-64
The effects of histamine and its receptor antagonists on mouse bone marrow cells (MBMC) and MC3T3-E1 cells were studied to elucidate the precise molecular mechanisms underlying histamine activities in the respective cell types. The studied parameters were osteoclast differentiation and expressions of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANKL), histamine receptors (HR), and osteoblast differentiation markers. The osteoclastogenesis was assessed by TRAP-dye method. Expressions of RANKL, HR and the osteoblast differentiation markers were evaluated by RT-PCR analysis. In MBMC, 1 microM histamine doubled the number of osteoclast-like cells in a dose-dependent manner. Expressions of RANKL peaked at histamine concentrations of 1 microM and 0.1 microM in MBMC and MC3T3-E1, respectively. H(1)R antagonist, but not H(2)R antagonist, inhibited RANKL expressions induced by histamine in MC3T3-E1. Histamine induced expressions of cell differentiation markers in MC3T3-E1, but not in MBMC, under the conditions that RANKL expressions were induced by histamine in both types of cells. These results indicate the following: (1) Histamine induction of osteoclastogenesis is mediated by RANKL expressed via H(1)R, but not via H(2)R in mouse osteoblast-like cells; (2) and the major target of histamine action is the RANKL-RANK signaling pathway in osteocytes. This observation is consistent with the traditionally recognized histamine action of bone resorption at the osteoclast site.

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