Ameloblastoma and its relationship to ameloblastic fibroma: their histogenesis based on an unusual case and review of the literature

S H Chen, T Katayanagi, K Osada, H Hamano, T Inoue, M Shimono, N Takano, T Shigematsu
Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College 1991, 32 (2): 51-6
The present paper describes the relationship between ameloblastoma and ameloblastic fibroma deduced from a case diagnosed as "ameloblastoma combined with ameloblastic fibroma" arising in the mandible of a 5-year-old boy. Histologically, the tumor consisted of ameloblastoma in the central area and ameloblastic fibroma in the peripheral area; it clinically fits the characteristics of ameloblastic fibroma based on predominant age, manner of growth, and encapsulation. We reviewed the literature and discussed the relationship between ameloblastoma a ameloblastic fibroma in terms of tumorigenesis. It is assumed that ameloblastic fibroma can also be transformed into ameloblastoma, if the succeeding hard tissues are not formed, and the collagenous connective tissue substituting for the stromal mesenchymal tissue is formed by the inductive effect of the epithelial strands or other unknown factors. Several possibilities relative to the pathogenesis of ameloblastoma have been proposed by oral pathologists; however, to our knowledge, "ameloblastic fibroma can be transformed into ameloblastoma" has not hitherto been reported. The case we experienced here may be thought as an intermediate tumor pattern between ameloblastic fibroma and ameloblastoma.

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