COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Comparison of type III secretion system virulence among fluoroquinolone-susceptible and -resistant clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa

A Wong-Beringer, J Wiener-Kronish, S Lynch, J Flanagan
Clinical Microbiology and Infection 2008, 14 (4): 330-6
18190571
Fluoroquinolone resistance and type III secretion system (TTSS) virulence are independently associated in Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections with poor patient outcomes. In the present study, the virulence of fluoroquinolone-susceptible and -resistant isolates of P. aeruginosa was compared, focusing on TTSS virulence. Clinical isolates (n = 45) exhibiting a broad range of susceptibilities to fluoroquinolones, with differing mechanisms of resistance and associated with varying disease sites, were selected for the study. PCR, Southern blot and western immunoblot analyses were performed to determine the presence of TTSS-encoding genes and secretion of gene products. The cytotoxicity of the clinical isolates towards human lung epithelial cells was also determined. Clinical isolates encoding only the exoS cytotoxin gene occurred more frequently than those encoding only exoU (62% vs. 27%; p 0.0007). Compared with exoS(+) isolates, exoU(+) isolates were more likely to be fluoroquinolone-resistant (92% vs. 61%, p 0.05) and to exhibit both a gyrA mutation and the efflux pump over-expressed (EPO) phenotype (91% vs. 59%; p 0.06). Almost all exoU(+) strains secreted ExoU and exhibited increased cytotoxicity compared with ExoS-secreting strains (7% vs. 92.5%, relative to a PA103 reference strain control). These data suggest that exoU(+) and fluoroquinolone resistance may be co-selected traits that result in highly virulent and resistant strains. Adverse outcomes associated with infections caused by fluoroquinolone-resistant strains may, in part, be attributable to this co-association, which warrants further clinical investigation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18190571
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"