JOURNAL ARTICLE

Molecular analysis of the CLCN5 gene in Dent's disease: first mutation identified in a patient from South America

E Ramos-Trujillo, V Garcia-Nieto, H Gonzalez-Acosta, J Vara, V Pérez-Diaz, I Nadal, R Oliveros, F Claverie-Martin
Clinical Nephrology 2007, 68 (6): 367-72
18184518

BACKGROUND: Dent's disease is a rare renal tubular disorder characterized by low-molecular weight proteinuria, hypercalciuria, nephrocalcinosis, nephrolithiasis, rickets and eventual renal failure. The selective loss of low-molecular weight proteins points to a defect of the proximal tubule, where filtered proteins are normally reabsorbed by endocytosis. The disease tends to present in childhood or early adult life, and males are more severely affected than females. The disease is caused by mutations in CLCN5 or OCRL1, both on the X chromosome, which code for the chloride/proton exchange transporter ClC-5 and the phosphatidylinositol-4,5-biphosphate-5-phosphatase, respectively.

METHODS: Mutational analysis of CLCN5 gene from 4 unrelated patients diagnosed with Dent's disease and their relatives, 3 from Spain and 1 from Bolivia, was performed by PCR and automatic DNA sequencing.

RESULTS: In the current study, we report the identification of 4 mutations in CLCN5 of 1 family from Bolivia and 3 families from Spain. Two of the mutations are novel and consist of 1 nonsense mutation, Y502X, and 1 missense mutation, L225P, affecting ClC-5alpha-helix F, one of the helices involved in formation of the chloride selectivity filter.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results add to the expanding spectrum of mutations in CLCN5. This is the first report of a CLCN5 mutation in a Dent's disease patient of South American origin.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18184518
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"