Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Acute effects of triiodothyronine (T3) replacement therapy in patients with chronic heart failure and low-T3 syndrome: a randomized, placebo-controlled study.

CONTEXT: Low-T(3) syndrome is a predictor of poor outcome in patients with cardiac dysfunction. The study aimed to assess the short-term effects of synthetic L-T(3) replacement therapy in patients with low-T(3) syndrome and ischemic or nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DC).

DESIGN: A total of 20 clinically stable patients with ischemic (n = 12) or nonischemic (n = 8) DC were enrolled. There were 10 patients (average age 72 yr, range 66-77; median, 25-75th percentile) who underwent 3-d synthetic L-T(3) infusion (study group); the other 10 patients (average age 68 yr, range 64-71) underwent placebo infusion (control group). Clinical examination, electrocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance, and bio-humoral profile (free thyroid hormones, TSH, plasma renin activity, aldosterone, noradrenaline, N-terminal-pro-B-Type natriuretic peptide, and IL-6) were assessed at baseline and after 3-d synthetic L-T(3) (initial dose: 20 microg/m(2) body surface.d) or placebo infusion.

RESULTS: After T(3) administration, free T(3) concentrations increased until reaching a plateau at 24-48 h (3.43, 3.20-3.84 vs. 1.74, 1.62-1.93 pg/ml; P = 0.03) without side effects. Heart rate decreased significantly after T(3) infusion (63, 60-66 vs. 69, 60-76 beats per minute; P = 0.008). Plasma noradrenaline (347; 270-740 vs. 717, 413-808 pg/ml; P = 0.009), N-terminal pro-B-Type natriuretic peptide (3000, 438-4005 vs. 3940, 528-5628 pg/ml; P = 0.02), and aldosterone (175, 152-229 vs. 231, 154-324 pg/ml; P = 0.047) significantly decreased after T(3) administration. Neurohormonal profile did not change after placebo infusion in the control group. After synthetic L-T(3) administration, left-ventricular end-diastolic volume (142, 132-161 vs. 133, 114-158 ml/m(2) body surface; P = 0.02) and stroke volume (40, 34-44 vs. 35, 28-39 ml/m(2) body surface; P = 0.01) increased, whereas external and intracardiac workload did not change.

CONCLUSIONS: In DC patients, short-term synthetic L-T(3) replacement therapy significantly improved neuroendocrine profile and ventricular performance. These data encourage further controlled trials with more patients and longer periods of synthetic L-T(3) administration.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app